The general plan for surveillance activities on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms aims to plan and coordinate the inspection activitie, to garantee the flow of information between central, regional and local administrations,and to ensure that the public is adequately informed by making the results of the surveillance activities available on the institutional website of the Ministry.

The general plan for surveillance activities is implemented through an annual National Operational Program on the basis of which the annual Regional Operational Programs of inspections are developed.

The annual National Operational Program is shared within a Coordination Table between the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agricultural and the Regions and Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano by 30 November of each year. The annual National Operational Program establishes the operating criteria for inspections and the methods for managing the non-conformities found.

Each region and autonomous province is required to transmit, by 31 March of each year following the year to which the supervisory activity carried out refers, a report on the supervisory activities carried out to the Ministry of the Environment and Energy Security. On the basis of these reports, the Ministry draws up an annual report including an overall assessment of the results and any corrective indications, also with a view to rationalising the supervisory activity. Each annual report on the supervisory activity on the deliberate release of genetically modified organisms into the environment is published on the Ministry's institutional website by 30 June of each year.

The surveillance activities is carried out by the inspectors entered in the national register of inspectors. Inspectors are designated by the Ministry of Ecological Transition, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies and the Regions and autonomous provinces among public officials with an adequate technical-scientific profile, and are subsequently appointed and entered in the national register by decree of the Minister of Ecological Transition. In carrying out their supervisory activities, inspectors perform the functions of judicial police officers pursuant to art. 32, paragraph 2, of legislative decree of July 8 2003, no. 224.